Text, 2D -Artwork, Photograph(s), Sculpture/3-D Artwork, Jewelry design, Map or Technical drawing, Performance, Music, or Other

A work consisting of editorial revisions, annotations, elaborations, or other modifications which, as a whole, represent an original work of authorship, is a “derivative work”.

The practice of sending (mailing) a copy of your own work to yourself is sometimes called a “poor man’s copyright.”  A poor man’s copyright has no bearing or validity in a Court of Law.

A treaty party is a country or intergovernmental organization other than the United States that is a party to an international agreement.

Publication under the first part of the definition is rather straightforward. Publication under the second part is a bit more complicated. Generally, publication occurs on the date on which copies of the work are first made available to the public. Unpublished works are those which have not been distributed in any manner.

Works that are published in the United States are subject to mandatory deposit in the Library of Congress; 

  • Published works in the United States are subject to mandatory deposit in the Library of Congress;
  • Unpublished works are eligible for protection without regard to the nationality or where the author lives;
  • Published works must bear a copyright notice if published before March 1, 1989;
  • Certain limitations on the rights of a copyright owner are applicable only to published Works; and
  • The duration of protection for works made for hire may be determined by the date of publication.

Publication under the first part of the definition is rather straightforward. Publication under the second part is a bit more complicated. Generally, publication occurs on the date on which copies of the work are first made available to the public. Unpublished works are those which have not been distributed in any manner.

Works that are published in the United States are subject to mandatory deposit in the Library of Congress;

  • Unpublished works are eligible for protection without regard to the nationality or where the author lives;
  • Published works must bear a copyright notice if published before March 1, 1989;
  • Certain limitations on the rights of a copyright owner are applicable only to published Works; and
  • The duration of protection for works made for hire may be determined by the date of publication.

Note: On date of first publication, one or more of the authors is a national or domiciliary of the United States, or is a national, domiciliary, or sovereign  authority of a treaty party* or is a stateless person wherever that person may be domiciled; The work is first published in the United States or in foreign nation that, on the date of first publication, is a  treaty party. For purposes of this condition, a work that is published in the United States or a treaty party within 30 days after publication in a foreign nation that is not a treaty party shall be considered to be first published in the United States or such treaty party, as the case may be; or The work is a sound recording that was first fixed in a treaty party; or The work is a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work that is incorporated in a building or other structure, or an architectural work that is embodied in a building and the building or structure is located in the United States or a treaty party; or The work is first published by the United Nations or any of its specialized agencies, or by the Organization of American States; or The work is a foreign work that was in the public domain in the United States prior to 1996 and its copyright was restored under the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA).

See Circular 38b, Highlights of Copyright Amendments Contained in the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA-GATT), for further information. The work comes within the scope of a Presidential proclamation.

A Treaty party is a country or intergovernmental organization other than the United States that is a party to an international agreement.

In the case of works made for hire the employer and not the employee is considered to be the Author.  A work prepared by an employee within the scope of his or her employment.

Public Domain is making work available to the Public and not subject to copyright.

The practice of sending (mailing) a copy of your own work to yourself is sometimes called a “poor man’s copyright.”  A poor man’s copyright has no bearing or validity in a Court of Law.

There is not an “international copyright” which will protect an author’s writings throughout the entire world. Protection depends, on the national laws of that country. Most countries do offer protection to foreign works under certain conditions.

A copyright is a form of legal protection provided for original works of authorship by the U.S. Copyright Office once the work is transformed into a tangible form for Literary Work, Work of the Performing Arts, Sound Recording, Motion Pictures, Audio/Visual Work, and Architectural Work.

A Trademark is a word, phrase, symbol, and/or design that identifies and distinguishes the source of the goods of one party from those of others.

A Patent is a limited duration property right relating to an invention, granted by the United States Patent and Trademark Office in exchange for public disclosure of the invention.

Your Intellectual property will be protected once you have paid Copyright Essentials, LLC. 

The application fees are $160, $250 and $1,200 along with receipt of your work.  We will submit all documentation to the US Copyright Office.

A work that was created (fixed in tangible form for the first time) on or after January 1, 1978, is automatically protected for the moment of its creation for the Author’s life plus an additional 70 years after the author’s death.

The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers.

It is the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

Protects your work from infringement if you have to appear in court. Also, registered work may be eligible for statutory damages in a successful litigation.

pseudonym is a name that someone––often a writer––uses instead of their real name. For example: The real name of Dr. Seuss was Theodore Seuss Geisel. Mark Twain was a pseudonym for the writer Samuel Clemens.

International Standard Recording Code is reserved for identifying Music and Sound Recordings.

International Standard Serial Number is usually assigned to an electronic publication. Ask your Publisher to explain all relevant information.

International Standard Book Number is a specific # assigned to a Book titled with the Copyright Office.

Eight months for a Standard registration and Expedited registration approximately 14 business days.  Copyright Essentials will provide assistance filing your Intellectual Property with the US Copyright Office.

Note:  On date of first publication, one or more of the authors is a national or domiciliary of the United States, or is a national, domiciliary, or sovereign  authority of a treaty party or is a stateless person wherever that person may be domiciled; The work is first published in the United States or in foreign nation that, on the date of first publication, is a treaty party. For purposes of this condition, a work that is published in the United States or a treaty party within 30 days after publication in a foreign nation that is not a treaty party shall be considered to be first published in the United States or such treaty party, as the case may be; or The work is a sound recording that was first fixed in a treaty party; or The work is a pictorial, graphic, or sculptural work that is incorporated in a building or other structure, or an architectural work that is embodied in a building and the building or structure is located in the United States or a treaty party; or The work is first published by the United Nations or any of its specialized agencies, or by the Organization of American States; or The work is a foreign work that was in the public domain in the United States prior to 1996 and its copyright was restored under the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA).  See Circular 38b, Highlights of Copyright Amendments Contained in the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (URAA-GATT), for further information. The work comes within the scope of a Presidential proclamation.

Copyright is a form of legal protection provided for original works of authorship by the U.S. Copyright Office once the work is transformed into a tangible form. Only the original author of the work claims the right to ownership, unless the rights of work were transferred through an agreement with the author. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works. Copyright does not protect facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation, although it may protect the way these things are expressed.

  • Lyrics (Only)
  • Books, Literature, Manuscripts, Poems, Screenplays, Dissertations
  • Music & Lyrics, Sound Recordings, CD’s
  • Movies, DVD’s, films
  • Lyrics and Music
  • Artworks, Paintings. Photographs
  • Architectural works
  • Computer Programs (First 25 pages and last 25 pages of Source Code is needed)
  • Websites (First 25 pages and last 25 pages of Source Code is needed)

*NOTE: Not all original works will be qualified as an official copyright registration, for example, short phrases, words, and slogans deemed lacking sufficient artistic expression.  In certain instances, registration by the U.S. Copyright Office or publication of work is not required in order for the author to secure a copyright.  However, there are significant benefits to federal copyright registration, which include the pursuit of legal action in cases of infringement or unauthorized copying of the work

Preregistration is a service intended for works that have had a history of prerelease infringement.  A copyright holder may benefit from preregistration if it is likely that the work will be infringed before it is released and production of the work has began, but is not completed. It is important to note that preregistration is not a substitute for registration. The purpose of preregistration is to allow an infringement action to be brought before the authorized commercial distribution of a work and full registration of that work. Also it allows for the copyright owner to receive statutory damages and attorney’s fees in an infringement action.

There are three requirements for preregistration: the work must be unpublished, the work must be in the process of being prepared for commercial distribution in either physical or digital format, and must be one of the following types of works: motion pictures, sound recordings, musical compositions, literary works being prepared for publication in book form, computer programs (including videogames), or advertising/marketing photographs.

A person who has preregistered a work is required, in order to preserve the legal benefits of preregistration, to register the work within one month after the copyright owner becomes aware of infringement and no later than three months after first publication. If full registration is not made within that time period, a court must dismiss an action for copyright infringement that occurred before or within the first two months after first publication.

Registration is to place on record a verifiable account of the date and content of the work in question, so that in the event of a legal claim, or case of infringement or plagiarism, the copyright owner can produce a copy of the work from an official government source.

Before 1978, in the United States, federal copyright was generally secured by the act of publication with notice of copyright or by registration of an unpublished work.[1] This has now been largely superseded by international conventions, principally the Berne Convention, which provide rights harmonized at an international level without a requirement for national registration. However, the U.S. still provides legal advantages for registering works of U.S. origin

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